NetscriptJS (Netscript 2.0)

Netscript 2.0, or Netscript JS, is the new and improved version of Netscript that allows users to write (almost) full-fledged Javascript code in their scripts, while still being able to access the Netscript functions.

NetscriptJS was developed primarily by Github user jaguilar

On top of having almost all of the features and capabilities of JavaScript, NetscriptJS is also significantly faster than Netscript 1.0.

This documentation will not go over any of the additional features of NetscriptJS, since there is plenty of documentation on Javascript available on the web.

Browser compatibility

As of the time of writing this, a few browsers do not support dynamic import functionality and therefore cannot run NetscriptJS scripts. These browsers will thus only be capable of using Netscript 1.0.

How to use NetscriptJS

Working with NetscriptJS scripts is the same as Netscript 1.0 scripts. The only difference is that NetscriptJS scripts use the “.ns” or “.js” extension rather than “.script”. E.g.:

$ nano foo.ns
$ run foo.ns -t 100 arg1 arg2 arg3
exec("foo.ns", "purchasedServer1", "100", "randomArg");

The caveat when using NetscriptJS to write scripts is that your code must be asynchronous. Furthermore, instead of using the global scope and executing your code sequentially, NetscriptJS uses a main() function as an entry point.

Furthermore, the “Netscript environment” must be passed into a NetscriptJS script through the main function. This environment includes all of the pre-defined Netscript functions (hack(), exec, etc.) as well as the arguments you pass to the script.

Therefore, the signature of the main() function must be:

export async function main(ns) {
    ns.print("Starting script here");
    await ns.hack("foodnstuff"); //Use Netscript hack function
    ns.print(ns.args);           //The script arguments must be prefaced with ns as well

Here is a summary of all rules you need to follow when writing Netscript JS code:

  • Write await before any call to the following Netscript functions:

    • hack
    • grow
    • weaken
    • sleep
    • prompt
    • wget
  • Any function that contains await must be declared as async

  • Always await any function that is marked as async

  • Any functions that you want to be visible from other scripts must be marked with export.

  • Do not write any infinite loops without using a sleep or one of the timed Netscript functions like hack. Doing so will crash your game.

  • Any global variable declared in a NetscriptJS script is shared between all instances of that script. For example, assume you write a script foo.ns and declared a global variable like so:

    let globalVariable;
    export async function main(ns) {
        globalVariable = ns.args.length;
        while(true) {
            await ns.sleep(3000);

    Then, you ran multiple instances of foo.ns:

    $ run foo.ns 1
    $ run foo.ns 1 2 3
    $ run foo.ns 1 2 3 4 5

    Then all three instances of foo.ns will share the same instance of globalVariable. (In this example, the value of globalVariable will be set to 5 because the last instance of foo.ns to run has 5 arguments. This means that all three instances of the script will repeatedly print the value 5).

    These global variables can be thought of as C++ static class members, where a NetscriptJS script is a class and a global variable is a static member within that class.


The NetscriptJS evaluation engine works by converting your code into a blob URL and then using a dynamic import to load your code as a module. Every unique NetscriptJS script is loaded as its own module. This means that making a small edit to a NetscriptJS script results in a new module being generated.

At this point, we have been unable to find a method for deleting modules from browsers so that they get garbage collected.

The result is that these modules from NetscriptJS scripts accumulate in your browser, using memory that never gets released. Over time, this results in a memory-leak type situation that can slow down your computer.

Therefore, there are two recommendations for those who decide to use NetscriptJS:

1. Every now and then, close and re-open the game. This will clear all of the modules. To be safe, I recommend completely closing the game’s tab and then re-opening it. Depending on your browser, a refresh or page reload does not always clear the modules.

2. Only use NetscriptJS scripts when needed. It is very unlikely that NetscriptJS is needed for very simple scripts. By doing this, you will reduce the number of modules that are loaded.


DOM Manipulation (tprintColored.ns)

Directly alter the game’s terminal and print colored text:

export function tprintColored(txt, color) {
    let terminalInput   = document.getElementById("terminal-input");
    let rowElement      = document.createElement("tr");
    let cellElement     = document.createElement("td");

    cellElement.classList.add("terminal-line"); = color;
    cellElement.innerText = txt;


export async function main(ns) {
    tprintColored("Red Text!", "red");
    tprintColored("Blue Text!", "blue");
    tprintColored("Use Hex Codes!", "#3087E3");

Script Scheduler (scriptScheduler.ns)

This script shows some of the new functionality that is available in NetscriptJS, including objects and object constructors, changing an object’s prototype, and importing other NetscriptJS scripts:

import {tprintColored} from "tprintColored.ns"; //Importing from other NetscriptJS scripts works!

function ScriptJob(params) {
    if (params.fn == null) {
        throw new Error("No Filename (fn) passed into ScriptJob ctor");

    this.fn         = params.fn;
    this.threads    = params.threads ? params.threads : 1;
    this.args       = params.args    ? params.args : [];
} = async function(ns) {
    let runArgs = [this.fn, this.threads].concat(this.args);
    await, runArgs);
    tprintColored("Running " + this.fn + " on " + ns.getHostname(), "blue");

ScriptJob.prototype.exec = async function(ns, target) {
    ns.scp(this.fn, target);

    let execArgs = [this.fn, target, this.threads].concat(this.args);
    await ns.exec.apply(this, execArgs);

    tprintColored("Executing " + this.fn + " on " + target, "blue");

export async function main(ns) {
    tprintColored("Starting scriptScheduler.ns", "red");
    try {
        let job = new ScriptJob({
            fn:         "test.js",
            threads:    1,
            args:       ["foodnstuff"]
        await job.exec(ns, "foodnstuff");
    } catch (e) {
        ns.tprint("Exception thrown in scriptScheduler.ns: " + e);

Final Note

NetscriptJS opens up a lot of possibilities when scripting. I look forward to seeing the scripts that people come up with. Just remember that the power and capabilities of NetscriptJS come with risks. Please backup your save if you’re going to experiment with NetscriptJS and report any serious exploits.

With great power comes great responsibility

Happy hacking